Multigram Synthesis of C4/C5 3,3-Difluorocyclobutyl-Substituted Building Blocks
Synthesis 2018, 50 (24), 4949-4957
An approach for the multigram synthesis of 3,3-difluorocyclobutyl-substituted building blocks (including carboxylic acid, amines, alcohols, azide, trifluoroborate ketone) is described. It is shown that, in most cases, ethyl 3,3-difluorocyclobutanecarboxylate is a convenient common synthetic intermediate to obtain the target derivatives. For preparation of 3,3-difluorocyclobutanol or -cyclobutanone, an alternative pathway via reaction of dichloroketene and tert-butyl or benzyl vinyl ether should be applied.