Synthesis, biological evaluation, and modeling studies of 1,3-disubstituted cyclobutane-containing analogs of combretastatin A4
J. Mol. Struct. 2020, 1210
With the aim of circumventing the adverse cis/trans-isomerization of combretastatin A4 (CA4), a naturally occurring tumor-vascular disrupting agent, we designed novel CA4 analogs bearing 1,3-disubstituted cyclobutane moiety instead of the cis-stilbene unit of the parent compound. The corresponding cis and trans cyclobutane-containing derivatives were prepared as pure diastereomers. The structure of the target compounds was confirmed by X-ray diffraction study. The title compounds were evaluated for their cytotoxic properties in human cancer cell lines HepG2 (hepatocarcinoma) and SK-N-DZ (neuroblastoma), and the overall activity was found in micromolar range. Molecular docking studies and molecular dynamics simulation within the colchicine binding site of tubulin were in good agreement with the obtained cytotoxicity data.