Synthesis of Multifunctional Spirocyclic Azetidines and Their Application in Drug Discovery
Chem. Eur. J. 2018, 24 (21), 5444-5449
The synthesis of multifunctional spirocycles was achieved from common cyclic carboxylic acids (cyclobutane carboxylate, cyclopentane carboxylate, l-proline, etc.). The whole sequence included only two chemical steps—synthesis of azetidinones, and reduction into azetidines. The obtained spirocyclic amino acids were incorporated into a structure of the known anesthetic drug Bupivacaine. The obtained analogues were more active and less toxic than the original drug. We believe that this discovery will lead to a wide use of spirocyclic building blocks in drug discovery in the near future.