O-(α-Phenylethyl)hydroxylamine as a ‘chiral ammonia equivalent’: synthesis and resolution of 5-oxopyrrolidine- and 6-oxopiperidine-3-carboxylic acids
Tetrahedron 2017, 28 (12), 1817-1822
An approach to the synthesis and resolution of five- and six-membered lactams (i.e., 5-oxopyrrolidine- and 6-oxopiperidine-3-carboxylic acids) is described. The method relies on the one-pot Michael reaction—cyclization of itaconic acid or diethyl homoitaconate and enantiopure O-(α-phenylethyl)hydroxylamine as a ‘chiral ammonia equivalent’. It is shown that this chiral auxiliary can be used for the separation of diastereomeric lactam products and then easily removed by catalytic hydrogenolysis.