Synthesis of 3-Borylated Pyrrolidines by 1,3-Dipolar Cycloaddition of Alkenyl Boronates and Azomethine Ylide
Chemistry 2022, 28 (54), e202202117
A scalable and efficient process for the preparation of 3-borylated pyrrolidines by 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition of N-benzyl azomethine ylide generated in situ has been developed. The optimized method included the use of LiF in DMSO at 110 °C and was suitable for α-mono-, α,β-di-, and α,β,β-trialkyl-, β,β-(hetera)cycloalkylidene-, CO2Et-, as well as most β-(het)aryl-substituted alkenyl boropinacolates. The 1,3-dipolar reaction proceeded on a multigram scale providing 3-borylated pyrrolidines with diverse substitution patterns (including fused and spirocyclic ones) in a diastereoselective manner. The Pd(OH)2-mediated N-debenzylation of pyrrolidine hydrochlorides was successfully performed to give the corresponding bifunctional building blocks on an up to 130 g scale, thus providing a substantial expansion of the synthetic and medicinal chemist's toolbox. Other reactions included the preparation of trifluoroborates, Zweifel-Aggarwal sp3-sp2 coupling, and oxidative deborylation as an example of C-heteroatom bond formation.